KNOWLEDGE

Knowledge

Will you soon also opt for white ceramic implants from our Eyckholt Mondcentrum and would you like to share your findings with other patients? Then maybe your story will also be here on this page.

Allergy

Allergy is a reaction of the immune system to foreign substances (allergens), which in themselves do not have to be harmful, such as pollen grains, animal dander, dust mite faeces, mold spores or food components, but also metals such as titanium. Allergens come into contact with the skin or mucous membranes or through their presence in the body (implants) or they enter the body through the respiratory tract or with food, after which the immune system tries to neutralize them with an allergic reaction. The complaints (runny nose, watery eyes, itching, chest tightness, diarrhea, irritation, rejection, inflammation) do not come from the allergen itself, but from the reaction of the immune system. Hay fever is a well-known example, as are the rejection reactions of titanium implants.

Biologic

Stands for biodynamic, ecologically sound, natural and related to living beings. In dentistry, organic also means alternative: away from the beaten track. In short: no use of mercury-containing amalgam fillings, no application of root canal treatments and, above all, no use of metal implants to replace lost teeth.

Patients can decide for themselves to what extent they agree to this, or they can always decide to take additional steps in consultation with their other therapists. After all, every person deserves a tailor-made treatment plan.

Ceramic

Ceramic is a material that is neither a metal nor a polymer. Examples of ceramics are earthenware, stoneware and porcelain, but also glass, diamonds, superconductors and implants can be considered. Ceramics are created by heating (in an oven, for example), sometimes in combination with pressure, where at least two elements are present. One of these elements is non-metallic and the other may be metallic or non-metallic. With dental implants we are dealing with zirconia ceramics.

CoMD

College of Medicine & Dentistry is the UK’s largest private university. The CoMD is part of the University of Ulster (Belfast – Northern Ireland). The College of Medicine & Dentistry is the UK’s first private college dedicated to clinical dental education, with the goal of training healthcare professionals through research and education and translating this into evidence-based clinical practice and patient care. The CoMD has since grown into a multinational alumni and student group of more than 900 graduates. Dean: Prof. Dr. M. Almasri.

Cone Beam CT

Dental “cone beam” (Cone Beam) computed tomography (CT) is a special type of X-ray machine that we use in situations where ordinary dental or facial X-rays are not sufficient. We do not use it routinely because the radiation exposure from this scanner is significantly more than from regular dental X-rays. This type of CT scanner uses a special type of technology to generate three-dimensional (3D) images in a single scan of dental structures, soft tissues, nerves and bones in the craniofacial area. However, cone beam CT has the advantage of a lower radiation exposure compared to conventional CT.

Corrosion

Corrosion is the natural chemical attack on materials by their environment acting on them, in particular the attack on metals through electrochemical reactions. Through corrosion, pure metal is converted into (oxidized to) a chemically more stable (less reactive) metal oxide. The best-known type of corrosion is the attack of metal surfaces, through reaction of the material with oxygen and water present in the air: iron, for example, corrodes and copper turns green. In the meantime, the corrosion of titanium in the human body has also been scientifically determined. Small titanium particles appear to be present in lymph nodes. There also appears to be an influence of these corrosion products on the loss of osseointegration (peri-implantitis).

Digitale workflow

Kennisbank: digital workflow

This is the complete digitization of the processes and steps in implantology. From digital mouth photos to digital mouth scan and digital CBCT, to digital planning and digital drilling template production. Furthermore, from digital design and production of emergency facilities to digital design and production of the final solutions. A network of high-tech equipment with excellent precision.

EACIm

The European Academy of Ceramic Implantology is a group of clinicians, teachers and speakers with great expertise in ceramic implants as an alternative to titanium implants. The purpose of the EACIm is to gather knowledge, train members who want to specialize through interaction with like-minded colleagues, independent of the industry.
The ultimate aim is to disseminate information and promote the use of ceramic implants in Europe. The aim is to provide professional training for prosthetics on ceramic implants and for surgery using zirconia implants.

Holistic

Holism (Greek: holos: the whole) is the idea that the properties of a system (physical, biological, technical, chemical, economic, etc.) cannot be explained by taking the sum of its components alone. Everything must be viewed from the whole. The mouth and its health / pathology thus has a clear impact on the overall disease and health.

L-PRF

Leukocyte and Platelet Rich Fibrin (L-PRF) is a platelet rich plasma (PRP) in which autologous platelets and leukocytes are present in a complex fibrin matrix to promote soft and hard tissue healing. HWe use it as a tissue engineering matrix in periodontology and implantology. To obtain PRF, we take the required amount of blood into test tubes without anticoagulant and centrifuge immediately follows. The resulting product consists of the following three layers; top layer consisting of low platelet plasma, PRF clot in the middle and red blood cells (RBC) at the bottom. We can remove the PRF clot from the test tube with sterile tweezers.

Platelet activation in response to tissue damage occurs during the process by which PRF releases various biologically active proteins, including; platelet alpha granules, platelet derived growth factor (PGDF), transforming growth factors-β (TGF-β), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and epidermal growth factor. In fact, the platelets and leukocyte cytokines play an important role in this biomaterial, but the fibrin matrix that supports them is most useful in forming the defining elements responsible for the true therapeutic potential of PRF. Cytokines are used immediately and destroyed in a healing wound. The harmony between cytokines and their supporting fibrin matrix is much more important than any other platelet derivative.

Titanium

Titanium or titanium is a chemical element with the symbol Ti and atomic number 22. It is a gray metallic transition metal, it belongs to the titanium group along with zirconium (Zr), hafnium (Hf) and rutherfordium (Rf). Titanium, like zirconium, is a transition metal.

Vitamin-D

Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble compounds responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphate from food, which is of great importance for various biological processes. The two main forms are Vitamin D2 and Vitamin D3. The term vitamin D also refers to metabolites and other analogues of these substances. Vitamin D3 can be produced in the human body under the influence of ultraviolet light. In most cases, however, endogenous synthesis is inadequate and man remains dependent on supplies from external sources. The vitamin D produced in the body or obtained from food is not yet physiologically active. Only after enzymatic conversion in the liver and then in the kidneys does it change into its active form (calcitriol).

The active vitamin D is transported as a hormone through the bloodstream to all body tissues. In the intestines, it promotes the absorption of calcium, phosphate and magnesium from the food. These nutrients are especially important for healthy growth of bones, teeth and muscle tissues. Deficiency leads to reduced bone mineralization, and ultimately to bone softening disorders such as rickets and osteoporosis, which greatly reduces bone quality for implants. In addition to these functions of vitamin D, attention is also being paid to its role in cardiovascular disease, autoimmune diseases and cancer.

Zirconia

Zirconia or White Sapphire is the synthesized, cubic crystalline form of zirconium (IV) oxide (ZrO2). The material has optical properties closer to the characteristics of diamond than any other material. A zirconia stone shines a little less than a diamond. On the other hand, this mineral has a greater amount of different colors that sparkle in it (dispersion).

There is a difference in hardness and density. Zirconia has a hardness of 8.5 on the Mohs scale. Diamond has a hardness of 10. Zirconia has a density (specific mass) that is approximately 75% greater than that of diamond.

Like diamonds, zirconia can be cut in different shapes. The stone is cut by machine to match the tolerance of diamond cutting. Dental implants are made from zirconium dioxide or zirconia.